What is Child Development? AND HOW DO THERAPIES FIT IN..

Child development refers to the sequence of physical, language, thought and emotional changes that occur in a child from birth to the beginning of their adulthood. During this process a child progresses from dependency on their parents/guardians to increasing independence. Child development is strongly influenced by VARIOUS FACTORS such as genetics (genes passed on from their parents) and events during prenatal life. It is also influenced by current environmental factors and the child’s learning capacity.

Child development can be actively enhanced through targeted therapeutic intervention and the ‘just right’ home based practice, recommended by Occupational Therapists, Speech Therapists, ABA Therapists and Other Professionals

What does child development include?

 Child development covers the full scope of skills that a child masters over their life span including development in:

  • Sensory awareness –  the registration of sensory information for use.

  • Physical skills – fine motor (finger) skills and gross motor (whole body) skills.

  • Social interaction and emotional regulation – interacting with others and mastering self-control.

  • Cognition – the ability to learn and problem solve.

  • Speech and Language – understanding and using language, reading and communicating.

Why is child development important?

Observing and monitoring child development is an important tool to ensure that children meet their ‘developmental milestones’. Developmental milestones (a ‘loose’ list of developmental skills that believed to be mastered at roughly the same time for all children but that are far from exact) act as a useful guideline of ideal development.

By checking a child’s developmental progress at particular age markers against these arbitrary time frames, it allows a ‘check in’ to ensure that the child is roughly ‘on track’ for their age. If not, this checking of developmental milestones  can be helpful in the early detection of any hiccups in development. This ‘check’ is usually carried out through child/mother and Paediatricians and later through preschool and school term skills assessments.

The earliest possible detection (and early intervention treatment if appropriate) of developmental challenges can be helpful in minimising the impact on a child’s skill development and subsequently their confidence, or serve as an indicator of a possible future diagnosis.

Developmental milestone checklists or charts are used as a guide as to what is ‘normal’ for a particular age range and can be used to highlight any areas in which a child might be delayed. However, it is important to be aware that while child development has a predictable sequence, all children are unique in their developmental journey and the times frames that they meet the many developmental milestones.

Delays in Child Development:

Delays in child development can arise due to: genetics, prenatal circumstances, the presence of a specific diagnosis or medical factors, and/or the lack of opportunity or exposure to helpful stimuli. Specific assessment by the professional (which may initially be the GP (General Physician) or Paediatrician, Occupational Therapist, Speech Therapist, Psychologist and/or Physiotherapist) can provide clarity about the developmental delays and extent of concern also can help to formulate a plan to overcome the challenge(s). As the process of child development involves multiple skills developing simultaneously, they may then be beneficial in consulting multiple professionals.

Overcoming the developmental challenges is crucial to maximising the ease and speed of development, minimizing the gap that occur between a child’s ability and those of their same aged peers, the confidence of the child as well as the frustration that can be encountered by the child’s parents and/or care-givers.

Types Of Therapies We Offer and Specialise In:
Oral Placement Therapy

Who are these Therapies Meant For ?

Child with hearing impairment, deafness, specific LD. Autism visual

impairment/ blindness, intellectual disability, dyslexia & reading dyspraxia,

writing & reading difficulty.

Special education refers to a range of services that can be provided in different

& in-different setting.